Disease & stress on Bentgrass.

20 days after pHairway treatment.

The injection of pHairway in the water source starts a complex series of reactions, first with the contained minerals in the water source and then with the soil, where the treated water is applied. This assumes that the water source and soil to be treated contain some, and often too much, of the wrong kinds of dissolved salts. Cases where the water contain too few salts will be addressed separately.





Seed germination after 14 days.


Seed germination with pHairway after 14 days.

The Water

As pHairway is diluted after injection, the contained acidity reacts with the minerals in the water primarily the bicarbonates. It is important to understand that of all the mineral constituents (dissolved salts), bicarbonates are usually the most important, in terms of their potential for damaging the irrigation equipment, soil and plants being watered. This is because bicarbonates react with other contained minerals, especially calcium, to form insoluble salts, specifically limestone. This causes several problems.

1. It causes a white precipitate to form on irrigation equipment which can lead to corrosion and plugging.

2. This precipitate leaves a white residue on plants and structures (fences, buildings, etc.)

3. It removes soluble calcium from the water, which is needed to maintain open soil pore spaces and good long term soil structure and water penetration.

Some of the active ingredients in pHairway react with the bicarbonates in the water and produce harmless constituents-carbon dioxide and water. This reduces the potential for forming lime deposits. In place of the bicarbonates and lime, the water becomes a diluted solution of calcium sulfate or gypsum, which is a well known soil amendment.





Summer stress on Bentgrass.


20 days later after pHairway application.

What Happens in the Soil

As the pHairway treated water reaches the soil, several additional reactions take place. The diluted solution of calcium sulfate (gypsum) will increase the soil aggregation. This happens when soluble calcium reacts with soil particle surfaces, causing them to release unwanted salts such as sodium, while acting as a chemical adhesive to build soil structure. This produces several related benefits:

1. Sodium is associated with alkalinity or high pH. Alkalinity is undesirable because it causes many of the necessary soil contained nutrient minerals to be unavailable for plant uptake and use.

2. Sodium causes soil particles to breakdown. This physical breakdown of the soil structure prevents water penetration and proper aeration. The results are that the plant roots do not get enough water or enough oxygen, and the accumulated salts do not get leached down and out of the root zone.

At the same time, much of the applied water runs off because it cannot penetrate the soil. The addition of pHairway can solve these problems by providing soluble calcium to reform or maintain the soil structure for good water penetration and aeration, while removing the sodium and the associated alkalinity and excessive salts.

Additional ingredients in pHairway act as a timed release source of acidity. The availability of this acidity is dependent upon the rate of biological processes in the soil. The release of the "in place" acidity is important in inhibiting the formation of alkali layers below the surface, and maintaining readily available mineral nutrients. Ultimately, essentially all of the contained ingredients in pHairway are utilized themselves as plant nutrients.





Black layer before pHairway.


2 weeks later after pHairway.



pHairway Water Treatment Additive is a turfgrass management tool that lowers alkalinity and improves water penetration. By releasing nutrients tied up by high pH soils, pHairway increases fertilizer performance. It also increases the effectiveness of alkaline sensitive pesticides, and improves soil quality.


pHairway is useful in lowering alkalinity and improving water penetration. pHairway is best used through your injection system.

FL. Reg. #
Total Nitrogen
Water Soluble(Urea).........15.00
Phosphate Sources...........0
Potash Sources..............0
Sulfur from Sulfuric Acid...16.00

Crystallization Temperature...42+3F
Viscosity at 68 F............49 centipoise
Specific Gravity at 68 F.....1.52
Pound per Gallon at 68 F.....12.70
Gallons per Ton..............157.48

Covered by one or more of the following US Patents:

Patent # 4214888, Patent # 4402852, Patent # 4404116, Patent # 4445925,

Patent # 4447253, Patent # 4512813, Patent # 4522644, Patent # 4722986

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