Proper mowing, watering and fertilizing will help make any grass flawless.
A major turf species for lawns, parks, golf courses, athletic fields and general utility turf's in Africa, Australia, India, South America and the Southern region of the United States. It is found in over 100 countries throughout the tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Common Bermuda (C. dactylon, naturalized throughout the warmer regions of the United States, came into this country during the colonial period from Africa and India.
Bermuda extends, in the U.S., from New Jersey and Maryland southward to Florida and westward to Texas and Kansas. When irrigated one can even find it in New Mexico, Arizona and in California valleys. Some hybrid varieties can exist into cooler climates.
Bermuda can start from seed, sprigs or sod. It spreads rapidly by rhizomes, stolons and seed. Mostly known as a "warm season" grass, it can handle cold winters, extremely hot summers and is drought tolerant. Best growing temperatures are above 65 degrees and below 100.
Mowing heights range from 3/16 of an inch to 2 inches.
St. Augustine is used along the Gulf Coast in the U.S., in Mexico, the Caribbean, South America, South and West Africa, Australia and Hawaii. It can survive in many soil types but requires more water and cooler climates then Bermuda. It is native to the Gulf of Mexico region but has become popular around the world.
St. Augustine spreads by stolons only and it can be plugged or sodded. There are a few seed varieties on the market but most are not high quality. Be careful in using pre or post-emergence on this turf. Double read the label and make sure it can be used on St. Augustine.
Mowing heights range from 1 to 3 inches. Never cut more than 1/3 of the grass when mowing.
Zoysia grasses are a warm season grass and come from the orient. It was named to commemorate an 18th century Austrian botanist, Karl von Zois. Zoysia was introduced to the U.S. in 1911 and was first called Manila grass.
Zoysia spreads from both rhizomes and stolons. They grow from the Atlantic coast from Florida to Connecticut and along the Gulf coast to Texas and California. It is extremely drought tolerant and can grow in many different soil types.
Zoysia can be established from seed, sprigs or sod. Mowing heights range from 1/2 inch to 2 inches.
Centipedegrass is also native to the orient. It was brought into the U.S. in 1916. It fast became popular because of its low maintenance requirements. It is slightly more cold tolerant than St. Augustine but 0 temperatures can kill it.
Centipedegrass spreads by stolons that look like centipedes. Centipede doesn't have a dormancy period and resumes growth whenever temperatures are to it's liking.
Centipede prefers sandy acid soils with 40 inches of rain or more. Fertilization should not exceed 1 to 2 pounds of N per year. If the pH is above 7.0 iron will become an issue.
Centipedegrass can be established from seed, sprigs or sod. Remember that too much care can hurt Centipede more than help it. Learn to like the lighter green.
Carpetgrass is recognized by the blunt rounded tips of its leaves, flat stolons and a tall seedstalk. It is a warm season grass and is best suited for the southern states. It spreads by stolons and can be seeded or sprigged. It is best adapted to the middle and lower southern states of the U.S. and has about the same cold hardiness as Centipedegrass. It will thrive in areas to wet for Bermuda grass and will tolerate more shade.
Mow Carpetgrass from 3/4 inches to 2 inches but mow more often in the summer to prevent seedstalks. Carpetgrass also requires little fertilizer amounts.
Seashore Paspalum is native to the tropics. It is found along coastal regions for North Carolina southward to Florida and around to Texas. It can also be found in South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.
It is a warm season that spreads by stolons and rhizomes. Keep it mowed under 1 1/2 inches to get a thick carpet.
It will out perform any grass in high sodium soils. It won't tolerate cold winters though.
Buffalograss is native to Montana, Texas and Mexico. It prefers clay over sandy soils and can survive going months with no rain or water. During these periods it will yellow, but once it gets water it will green again. Buffalo spreads by rhizomes, stolons and seed.
Old varieties of Buffalograss didn't require much mowing but new varieties can be mowed very short. It will not do good in high shade or cold climates. Variety's can be seeded, sprigged or sodded. The cost is high but the savings on maintenance will save you money in the long run.
Mow Buffalo at height of 2 to 3 inches.
Fescuegrass can be found throughout Europe, North Africa and North America. It grows best in moist areas and some fescue types require little sun. Fescue doesn't spread by rhizomes or stolons.Seeding is the only way to go with this turf. It will grow on most any soil type.
Be careful and read all labels when applying chemicals of any kind. Use 3 pounds of N per year in most areas. Be prepared to manage your water properly.
Native to Europe, Asian and Morocco Kentucky Bluegrass thrives on cool humid areas. It spreads by rhizomes and seeds. Root growth is greatest in fall and spring and slow dramatically in summer months.
Annual and Perennial Plants are available with Ryegrasses. Native to Europe and Asia they prefer cool moist temperatures.
Be careful and read all labels when applying chemicals on this turf.
Only grown in the north United Stated, Europe and Asia. Some Golf Course greens in the south grow them but they require heavy maintenance. Bent spreads by stolons and shallow roots. It is adapted to cool, humid environments with cool night time temperatures being an advantage.
Bentgrass is available in several seed varieties. Intensive management is the key to success with this turf.
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